In a workplace setting ‘shallow’ or lazy thinking can lead to poor decisions, lost opportunity, process mistakes, miscommunication, and relationship breakdowns.
To be skilled in critical or ‘deep’ thinking is to be able to take one’s thinking apart systematically, to analyse each part, assess it for quality and then improve it. The first step in this process is understanding the parts of thinking, or elements of reasoning.
These elements, as proposed by the Foundation for Critical Thinking, are:
One of the critical thinking tools I use to facilitate greater consciousness of the derailers to effective critical thinking is Chris Argyris’ Ladder of Inference.
The Ladder of Inference provides insight into the mental processes that occur, in a nano-second, within the human brain and from which unconscious or erroneous beliefs are easily formed and inappropriate (re-)actions taken.
How to use it?
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